• What is an IP address? & Its Types

    IP Address

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    IP Address

    IP stands for (Internet Protocol). An internet protocol address is an identifier for a computer. It is used for communication and connects and multiple computers on the network. It is based on the TCP/IP network protocol. The data packet will be transferred on the network between source to destination using internet protocol.

    The IP address is globally managed by IANA (Internet Assignment Number Authority). And the ISP (Internet Service Provider) assigns the IP address to all local clients or devices connected to its network.


    The IP address provides two functions or principle function:- host or network interface.

    Basically, 2 types of IP addresses:-

    • IP version 4
    • IP version 6

    IPV4

    • It deployed in 1983 in the ARPANET.
    • The size of the IPV4 it's 32 bit.
    • It also Called Logical Address.
    • Its show like:--  192.168.1.15/24

    The IPV4 it's further classified into two parts:-
    •                 Network part
    •                 Host part

    For example—172.16.254.1 (IPV4)
                                
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    internet protocol V4
    • Limits of address space is 2^32.
    • It contains 4 decimal The number and each ranging from 0 to 255.
    • It contains 4 Octane.
    • Each part represents 8 bit.
    • IPV4 address may be presented in various Hexadecimal, Octal or Binary representations.

    IPV6

    • The size of the IPV6 it's 128 bit.
    • Its develop in 1995 and standardized in Dec-1998.
    • Its show like:-- 2001:lb8:0:1234:0:567:8:1
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    internet protocol V6

    • The limits of address space are 2^128.
    • IPV6 has facilities that automatically change the routing of the prefix of the entire network.
    • All enterprise server operating system included native support for the IPV6 protocol.
    • It's used in Some Networking Hardware.
    • It contains 6 Octane.
    If You Don't Know About What is MAC Address? Click On Link and Read Out.

    There are two types of Addresses:-
    •                 Private IP Address
    •                 Public IP Address

    How to Show Private IP address:--

    Step 1:- First open your CMD and type Command ‘ipconfig’.

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    Private Ip

    This Ip called private address because it's assigned by your router or can be configured Manually.

     How to Show Public IP address:--

    Step 1:- Open your Google and type the IP address.

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    Public Ip

    It is assigned by your ISP (Internet service provider).

    Types of IP:-

    Static IP:- A static IP address is also known as a fixed address. A static IP address assigned by ISP. Static IP addresses are useful for gaming, website hosting. A static IP address was manually configured for a device, and assigned via a DHCP server.  It's called static because it doesn't change. 

    Dynamic IP:- A dynamic IP address is an IP address that changes from time to time. A dynamic IP address is automatically assigned to each connection of a network, like your smartphone, desktop PC, etc. A dynamic IP address is automatically configured and modified by a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCP server.



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